Monday, June 29, 2020

How Does Diversity Play Into MBA Admissions

Diversity has become a buzzword throughout the business world, however one place where its potential has not been fully realized is in the  classrooms of  some of the top MBA programs  in the world. In this way, many business schools  struggle to emulate the markets to which they send graduates to. We can all agree diversity in the workplace and in the classroom make for a more rewarding experience for all. Let’s discuss how diversity can manifest itself during the MBA application process: Ethnic Diversity: In the United States, this  is one of the most important and severely-lacking forms of diversity in top MBA programs. Underrepresented minorities such as  African-Americans, Native Americans, and Hispanic Americans in the U.S. still represent tiny portions of most schools incoming classes. Many blue chip companies rely on MBA programs to serve as feeders for their talent, and if MBA  programs remain barren of diverse candidates, then top companies will also  struggle in this department. Given this need, qualified, underrepresented minorities really can stand out in the application process if they package together the â€Å"right† application. Gender Diversity: Business schools have made remarkable strides when it comes to gender diversity. MBA programs have historically been a â€Å"boys club,† but most programs have narrowed  the gap here and come closer to the desired 50/50 gender ratio. This year, Northwestern’s Kellogg School even reported a record 43% of female MBA students in their Class of 2018. Even with these improvements, women still remain a minority of sorts, which can prove advantageous in the application process. International Diversity: The business world has become truly global   a shift that most  programs have tried to mirror. The business school  campus  of today can take on the look of the United Nations, itself. The array  of experience and thought this diversity brings to the classroom  can help shape a class set out to become the global leaders of tomorrow. Remember, there are certain regions of the world that are underrepresented and others that are over-represented, so international diversity can go both ways when it comes to admissions. With the holistic nature of the MBA admissions process, diversity can play a huge role in shaping  the student community for the incoming class. This diversity of thought, perspective, and experience is certainly a hallmark of the MBA experience. Applying to business school? Call us at 1-800-925-7737 and speak with an MBA admissions expert today, or take our free MBA Admissions Profile Evaluation  for personalized advice for your unique application situation! As always, be sure to find us on  Facebook,  YouTube,  Google+  and Twitter. Dozie A.  is a Veritas Prep Head Consultant for the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University. His specialties include consulting, marketing, and low GPA/GMAT applicants. You can read more articles by him  here.

Friday, June 5, 2020

The Architect of His Own Destruction - Literature Essay Samples

We all have secrets and insecurities and we all make mistakes. Many of us do our best to hide our imperfections with the hopes that no one may ever know of our flaws. Problem is our biggest enemy already knows. You see, we can hide from the rest of the world but there is no escaping one’s self. Most people don’t realize that there is no greater battle than the one going on inside of you. In the story, â€Å"Desiree’s Baby† by Katie Chopin, we are introduced to Armand. Armand is a man full of resentment towards himself and his hidden truths. He in turn, allows himself to blame others for his dismay, when in reality he is his own enemy. â€Å"Desiree’s Baby† conveyed Armand’s self-hatred and denial in the way he treated others and these themes ideally brought into play; the conflict, man vs. self. In the story, â€Å"Desiree’s Baby† the themes of denial and self-hatred are impeccably demonstrated through the utilization of literary elements such as setting and the inner conflict of the antagonist; Armand. In the times of racism and slavery, being black was the burden that no one wished to endure. Having been black in those times meant inferiority, it meant being uneducated, enslaved and owned by the â€Å"superior† race. Whites were in charge and anyone of African descent were discriminated against; this meant people of biracial descent also. â€Å"Desiree’s Baby† was in fact, set in this time of oppression of the black race and this setting helped to develop its themes of self-hatred and denial. Armand; a white man and a slave owner, held a secret grudge against his slaves. Not the usual biased grudge of a white man to a slave but something greater, deeper even. In the story, Armand’s wife, Desiree implies that her husband was a cruel and unkind slave owner. While talking to her mother Desiree states: â€Å"he hasn’t punished one of them-not one of them-since the baby is born,† (Chopin, 2). Although she never names her husband as a bad master , she does insinuate her husband’s past dealing with his slaves. This may not seem of any great significance because most slave owners were uncouth when dealing with their slaves but as the story progresses Armand’s actions are accompanied by a greater purpose— vindication. He was a man set out to prove himself â€Å"white†. His cruelty and vengeance of his slaves wasn’t caused by his hatred for them, but actually his hatred for himself and the part of him that was connected to them. Although Chopin does not expose Armand’s African roots until the very last sentence of the story she cleverly foreshadowed the fact. The revelation of a mixed child as well as Armand’s sudden vengence for his slaves and the fact that his skin had been darker than his wife’s were all indications of his negro roots. It was obvious that Armand had in some way known of his true blood line but his fear of not being fully white triggered his denial and s elf-hatred. Furthermore, had this story taken place in current times the thought of being partially black may not have had such an effect on Armand. In more modern societies people are accustomed to the concept of mixed races and things such as biracial dating but Armand did not have the luxury of this acceptance. It was either deny it and hate himself secretly or be exposed and lose the respect and life he had worked so hard for. Therefore, the fact that this story was set in a time when being black or half black or even a quarter black was socially unacceptable helped to justify its themes of denial and self-hatred. Moving on, Chopin employed Armand’s character into the theme by creating a conflict between him and his self. As mentioned previously Armand was fearful of who he really was and subsequently took his anger out on his slaves and wife. â€Å"He thought Almighty God had dealt cruelly and unjustly with him; and felt, somehow, that he was paying Him back in kind when he stabbed thus into his wife’s soul.† (Chopin, 3). This quote from the story reflects the irony of Armand’s behavior towards his own wife. After the discovery that his child had African blood Armand blamed his wife; accusing her of being mixed. He assumed that God had been cruel and unjust to him when ironically he had been the cruel and unjust one; to Desiree. This quote was drawn from Armand’s thoughts that he had been justified in treating his wife in such a way after God had treated him so horribly. This man, although very aware of his wrong doing was far too conflicted within himself t o care for anyone else. In the story, Armand goes from a man deeply in love with his wife to a man who can barely stand to be around her or their child. His wife nor his child were the actual cause of his resentment. It was caused by his insecurities and the fact that being around them only made it worse. In the story, there were many conflicts but Armand’s battle with himself had the strongest effect. Had he admitted that he was the one to blame the story may have had a different ending. The story ends with the confirmation that Armand was indeed the one with African blood but it had been too late. Armand, so full of denial had told his own wife to leave and as a result she took her child and possibly ended both of their lives. He lost his family and his happiness because he was a fearful man. He did not know how to love himself so there was no way for him to love anyone else. â€Å"Armand looked into her eyes and did not care. He was reminded that she was nameless. What did it matter about a name when he could give her one of the oldest and proudest in Louisiana?† (Chopin, 1). The misconception of his love for her is abundant in this quote because the moment her origin came into question Armand no longer felt so shameless. He may have known deep down inside that he bared the blood of a black ancestor but it was easier to blame Desiree. After all, she nor anyone else knew her true lineage. Armand could not accept his roots so he acted in a cowardly manner. He blamed his wife and lost his family but it only solved half of his problems. His son was no longer around to spark the curiosity of others or stir up gossip but that wasn’t the real problem to begin with. The absence of his son did not change his lineage or rid him of self-hatred and denial. Chopin told a story of a cowardly man. A man who allowed himself to live a lie in order to be whom everyone else believed him to be. â€Å"Desiree’s Baby† was a story of many themes and literary elements but self-hatred and denial played a key role in the outcome. From the title alone it is easy to assume that the story would be about the child but the child played only a small part. The setting and conflict in this story helped Chopin to develop the themes of denial and self-hatred thus giving emphasis to the antagonist. Armand did his best to hide who he was but as usual his biggest enemy already knew. He hid his secrets and insecurities but in the end he destroyed himself. In closing, Armand may have hidden his secret well but the words; â€Å"night and day, I thank the good God for having so arranged our lives that our dear Armand will never know that his mother, who adores him, belongs to the race that is cursed with the brand of slavery.† will always be wit h him. (Chopin, 4.)

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

The Uw Madison School Of The Middle East, Asia, And Latin...

Because our nation is culturally diverse we must be prepared to teach the next generation of nurses to be culturally sensitive so they won’t alienate their patients, and risk making the patients worse off. To insure this goal we must change how the UW-Madison School of Nursing treats these non-europeans: people from various arts of the Middle-East, Asia, and Latin America. Without instruction in cross-cultural medicine medical practitioners make patients wary, through breaking taboos during the course of ones treatment. (Fadiman, 61) Cross-cultural medicine is an important area to expand because, as Fadiman noted, fifty percent of the US population growth has come from immigrants as of 1990. (Fadiman, 271) These immigrants which include many Middle-Easterners, Asians, and Latin Americans may discover our healthcare system is culturally insensitive. This could lead to lower rates of hospital expenditure, as well as lower morbidity within the US. In fact, if patients were to st op viewing hospitals as last resorts their would be less death, because it is these visits where patients most often die. (Fadiman, 63) Although, there has been a push to incorporate lessons in cross-cultural medicine into medical schools we must also teach cross-cultural medicine to nurse practitioners in order to increase hospital accessibility. (Fadiman, 271) One reason cross-cultural medicine would help these groups get better care is that by understanding the individual cultures the doctors

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Different Ideologies From The Rise Of Fascism And The...

Throughout the course time of people have had vigorous debate over the type of government implemented and how different people should be governed within a society. We have seen huge variants in ideologies from the rise of fascism in Europe and to the Marxist revolution. We, as in Americans, are lucky enough to live in a time and in a form of democracy where people are able to have a say in what they expect the government to do for them. Since the birth of this country until now we have had plenty of debate of what ideology this country would have. Throughout history there has been two general spectrums of political thought, liberal and republican. Our founders struggled with the two valid ideologies and made a founding document that has shared values from both and is able to be changed and worked on overtime. Now, two and a half centuries after our founding, do the ideals the founders implemented in our constitution still apply to the society we live in today? Can these two very dif ferent ideologies work together to create a nation that people want to live in? To understand the various roles of government and the different opinions on them you have to understand the two major political ideologies. Liberal ideologies, which use a lot of the works by the philosopher John Locke, is based on the idea that you as a human being and part of this world are given natural rights which should be as minimally infringed on as possible. Locke would also argue that people were originallyShow MoreRelatedConflict Theory Essay1066 Words   |  5 Pagestype of conflict theory is the Marxism Conflict theory. As stated before, this theory has led to many important authors like Karl Marx to create their own version of conflict theory. Karl Marx was a German Philosopher whose works are mainly reflected from his social economic theories. Also, he is well known by the critics against capitalism, and how it was necessary step on the road toward communism. â€Å"Communism is a system in which property and labor are all held in common†. This system took a wh ileRead MoreLeon Trotsky s Influence On The Soviet Revolution1496 Words   |  6 PagesTrotsky was a Marxist revolutionary who played a leading role in the 1905 Revolution, in the eventual Communist Revolution of October 1917, and in the Russian Civil War. Without Trotsky’s impact in the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks would have been defeated. His own beliefs on Marxism combined with his intellect made Trotsky a target and influential leader in the Soviets. From his studies on Marxism, he created Trotskyism, a Marxist ideology based on the theory of permanent revolution. Also, hisRead MoreA Marxist Approach Of Orwell s 1984 Essay7236 Words   |  29 PagesGomez 22 Jasmine Gomez Dr. Nakhai ENG 381 12 December 2016 A Marxist Approach to Orwell?s 1984 In a time of universal deceit - telling the truth is a revolutionary act. - George Orwell George Orwell lived in a time that was highly critical of the oppression that existed as a result of communistRead MoreMarx And Engels s Critique And Critique Of Capitalism1669 Words   |  7 Pagescapitalism found in the Communist Manifesto (written by Karl Marx and Fredrick Engels), provides a basis for the analysis and critique of the capitalist system. Marx and Engels wrote about economical in relation to the means or mode of production, ideology, alienation and most fundamentally, class relations (particularly between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat). Collectively, these two men created the theory of Marxism. There are multiple critiques of Marxism that attack the fundamental tenantsRead MoreStalin And Stalin s Theory Of The Soviet Union2062 Words   |  9 Pageswhaley Ninth grade academy 2015-2016 History introduction This essay is about hitler and stalin we make clear what they think of differents terms of ideas they had and make sure if they have the same answers or difference and then we compare what they think about they differents mains. Stalin and Hitler essay: Political ideology(2): Stalin s ideology is interesting and not as clear cut as many people think. In theory, Stalin was a communist, but he was not a communist along the same linesRead MoreA Brief Note On Friedrich Ebert, The First President Of Germany1842 Words   |  8 Pagesbecame the leader of the Social Democratic Party after the death of August Bebel, the then party leader passed on. Bà ©la Kun: He was a Revolutionary of the Hungarian Nation who championed the Hungarian Soviet Republic in the year 1919. After the revolution, he moved to the Soviet Union where to be was deployed as the Communist International Organization. Freikorps: These were volunteer fighters and mercenaries that were based in Germany between the 18th and the 20th century that consisted of criminalsRead MoreWorld Revolution Vs. Soviet Policy1388 Words   |  6 Pages Initially the need for a world revolution dominated Bolshevik ideals to such an extent that foreign policy in the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) was regarded as unnecessary. Soviet Policy was dominated by conflicting ideologies; the Marxist ideological view, and the Commissariat’s traditional policy theory. By co-operating with both mindsets, the Communist International, or Comintern, was created in order to work towards global revolution. In 1922, under the control of Vladimir LeninRead MoreEssay about Marxism and Its Contribution to the World Politics3240 Words   |  13 Pagesdifferentiations from the initial thoughts and ideas argued by Marx and Engel. Especially Bolshevik leaders such as Lenin and Stalin have interpreted Marx’s ideas differently after the October Revolution in Russia, while they were governing the Soviets. Due to the differences between the theory and the practice, Marxism can be considered as one of the most controversial approaches of political science. Another argument is the question of contribution of Marxism to the world politics. Although Marxist ideasRead MoreEssay on Fascism1930 Words   |  8 Pages What is Fascism? Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives. Total subordination to the service of the state and unquestioning loyalty to its leader would adjust conflicting interests. It is a modern political ideology that looks to regenerate the social, economic, and cultural life of a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belongingRead MoreEric Blair, Under The Pen Name George Orwell, Once Said,1462 Words   |  6 Pagesexpose himself to all the creative demons that crawled within his mind. His masterpiece struck the world with the waking fear of   a world where there is virtually no freedom from thought. In 1984, the dystopian is set in post World War II time when totalitarianism ruled the world. Free thought and reasoning is stripped from society, and the only one with that power is Big Brother, the authority symbol across the su perstate of Oceania. The protagonist Winston works for the Ministry of Truth where

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Carl Jung s Theory Of Personality Essay - 1130 Words

Carl Jung was a Swiss psychologist who was born on July 26, 1875, in Kesswil, Switzerland. His father was a minister for a Swiss Reformer Church and his mother was a daughter of a theologian. He had eight maternal uncles and two paternal uncles that were pastors, so he was no stranger to religion growing up. In his later years, he became good friends with Sigmund Freud but had a falling out after they had a disagreement. After this break with Freud, Jung underwent a journey into the unconscious. Through this journey, Jung was able to create his own special theory of personality. Jung discovered the different levels of the psyche. In a similar way to Freud, Jung based his personality theory on that the psyche or the mind had two levels, a conscious and unconscious. However, his theory differed from Freud in a way that Jung believed that the most vital thing about the unconscious is that people are not only motivated by their personal repressed experience, but also from experiences inh erited from their ancestors. He called this concept the â€Å"collective unconscious†. There are certain elements in the collective unconscious that are far more developed and these are called â€Å"archetypes†. As the above paragraph explains, archetypes descended from the collective unconscious and are known as ancient images or collective symbols. Archetypes are comparable to complexes because they are emotionally toned collections of associated images (Feist, G.J., Roberts, 2013, p. 109).Show MoreRelatedCarl Jung s Theory Of Personality And Psychological Types1206 Words   |  5 PagesIn the 1920’s, a Swiss psychologist named Carl Jung devised a theory. Jung didn’t accept the idea that the behaviors of people were random. Instead, he was a firm believer that the differences between individuals were a result of how people use their brains. Jung claimed that â€Å"what appears to be random behavior is actually the result of differences in the way peo ple prefer to use their mental capacities.† (The Myers Briggs Foundation). Jung realized that people typically function in one of twoRead MoreCarl Jung s Theory Of One s Personality898 Words   |  4 PagesWho We Are Everyone in the world grows up asking the same question, who am I? Personality is what defines this answer to this question. Fortunately, there are people like psychiatrist Carl Jung and psychologist Howard Gardner who have given insights and the means of finding out how to answer this age old question. Jung’s theory of one’s personality is based on four coupled traits that can vary 16 different ways. These 8 traits, extroversion vs. introversion, sensing vs. intuition, thinking vs. feelingRead MoreCarl Jung and Sigmund Freud1412 Words   |  6 PagesCarl Jung and Sigmund Freud Introduction Carl Jung (1875-1961) and Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) were two individuals whose theories on human personality would completely affect the way that people viewed the human mind. Carl Gustav was a practicing psychotherapist while Sigmund Freud created the discipline of psychoanalysis. The two men had seemingly identical beliefs about human behavior, but also had contrasting beliefs about concepts such as the ego, the psyche, and the state of unconsciousnessRead MoreThe First Layer Of The Unconscious1570 Words   |  7 Pageslayer of Carl Jung was also called the personal unconscious is basically the same as Freud’s kind of the unconscious. The particular unconscious has temporality elapsed information and well as repressed retentions. Jung (1933) outlined an important article of the personal unconscious called complexes. A complex is a collection of opinions, moods, attitudes and memories that focus on a particular idea. The more elements attached to the complex, the greater its effect on the individual. Jung also saidRead MoreCritique Of Carl Jung s Theory Of The Collective Unconscious1103 Words   |  5 PagesCritique 3- Discussion of Carl Jung Discuss the Analytical Theory of Carl Jung. Do not complete a Theory Template for this theorist. Instead complete the following discussion questions: 1. Explain the Jungian concept of the collective unconscious. Ans: Among Jung s numerous hypotheses is the collective unconscious. The collective unconscious has been portrayed as the storage facility of inactive memory follows acquired from the past that incline individuals to respond to the world in specificRead MoreSociological Perspective On Psychology : Psychodynamic Psychology1067 Words   |  5 PagesSummarize Major Historical Perspective in Psychology Essay Psychodynamic Perspective- There is four major perspectives in psychology: Psychodynamic, Behaviorism, Humanistic, and Cognitive. Each theory represents a psychology approach to unlock the human mind. A psychology approach is known as a perspective; today there are many different approaches in psychology that contain specified beliefs about the mind and Human Behavior. Individually each perspective is different they have their strong pointsRead MoreRunning Head : Personality Preferences1189 Words   |  5 Pageshead: PERSONALITY PREFERENCES 1 PERSONALITY PREFERENCES 8 Personality Preferences Margarita Rodriguez Millers College of Nursing Carl Jung Carl Jung whom was born in Kesswil, Switzerland on July 26, 1875 became a famous psychiatrist that founded the school of analytical psychology. Analyzing his introverted and extroverted personality helped him developed the two personality concepts including archetypes and collective unconsciousness. While analyzing the different personalities he beganRead MoreThe Influences Of C. G. Jung1523 Words   |  7 PagesThe Influences of C. G. Jung Carl Gustav Jung II was a psychiatrist whose theories of the mind challenged the existing dogma. His works with human cognition, the basic structure of the psyche, and association experiments are widely known today in the form of the concepts of the introvert and the extrovert, psychological archetypes, and basic tests of word association. Although many basic principles of psychology today are based upon his original discoveries and theories, they were not conceivedRead MoreThe Theory Of Personality Psychology1019 Words   |  5 Pagesnot like you at all? It’s ironic how a person personality is shaped. Personality is included in basically everyday life. Personality defines a person. Personality is like a big stew mixed with emotions, behaviors, and patterns of thought that truly define a person. Personality Psychology is the study of these different patterns among a group of people or culture. The studies of psychology started from Hippocrates’ theory that argues tha t personality traits are based on four different sections. ThisRead MoreCarl Jung s Theory Of The Mind Challenged The Existing Dogma1533 Words   |  7 PagesCarl Gustav Jung II was a psychiatrist whose theories of the mind challenged the existing dogma. His works with human cognition, the basic structure of the psyche, and association experiments are widely known today in the form of the concepts of the introvert and the extrovert, psychological archetypes, and basic tests of word association. Although many basic principles of psychology today are based upon his original discoveries and theories, they were not conceived without external insight. Social

Global Warming And Its Effects - 976 Words

As global warming, we understand that is the rise in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans. It has been an immense concerning all over the world for the past decades since the current cycle of global warming is changing the rhythms of climate that humans, animals and plants rely on. Scientists have studied the natural cycles and events that are known to influence the change in climate to discover what is originating the current global warming. However, the amount and pattern of warming that has been measured on the planet cannot be explained just by natural factors. Therefore, it is impossible to neglect the influence of greenhouse effect, brought about the increased levels of greenhouse gases, due to the effects of different aspects as the burning of fossil fuels, agriculture activities, deforestation and the growth of population (2007). These greenhouse gasses are endangering important and necessary aspects of life and its consequences will affect each one of us. The primary greenhouse gas in earth’s atmosphere responsible for the most global warming is carbon dioxide (CO2). According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on the same national geographic report, other contributors include methane released from landfills in agriculture, nitrous oxide from fertilizers, industrial processes, and the loss of forests that would otherwise store CO2 (2007). Most greenhouse gases come from the combustion of fossil fuel, energy generationShow MoreRelatedGlobal Warming And Its Effects985 Words   |  4 PagesEnvironmental Science Professor Mahoney 11/11/14 Global Warming Over the last few decades global warming has become one of the biggest environmental issues of all times. Every year, global warming gets worse and it’s affecting the way people live, it is affecting the atmosphere in general, and other living organisms in our planet. Global warming is the gradual and increasing rise of the overall temperature of the Earth caused by the greenhouse effect due to the increased levels of carbon dioxide andRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects Essay1040 Words   |  5 PagesGlobal warming is directly causing the rise in temperature of the Earth. The melting of the polar ice caps causes some of the most pressing issues including the endangerment of species indigenous to this region and the rise of ocean levels. Global Warming Global warming is the steady rise of temperature of the Earth’s surface. What exactly causes global warming? Numerous sources fuel global warming, such as deforestation, permafrost, and even sunspots. Obviously, many factors contribute to thisRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1331 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal Warming Global warming is the causation of the Glaciers melting, sea levels rising, cloud forests drying, and wildlife struggles today. Humans are making this possible because of their release of heat-trapping gasses known as greenhouse gasses by their modern devices. Global warming is the abnormal speedy increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature. It is believed that this is due to the greenhouse gasses that people release into the atmosphere by burning fossil fuels.The greenhouseRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1571 Words   |  7 PagesAs global issues today become increasingly controversial, many people are inclined to believe that Global Warming is an issue that can take a backseat to more significant issues that plague today’s society. The information presented throughout my research in regards to the rising sea levels and the melting of glaciers and ice shelves, highly indicates that it cannot. What many Americans fail to realize is that if sea lev els continue to rise due to Global Warming, then more than half of LouisianaRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1544 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal warming is one of the vigorously discussed topic on Earth today. According to a TechMedia Network, â€Å"Global warming is the term used to describe a gradual increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s atmosphere and its oceans, a change that is believed to be permanently changing the Earth’s climate.† (â€Å"Global Warming †¦ Effects†). We have been witnessing the change in Earth’s climate since past few years, and we are well aware of the consequences of climate change as well. Global warmingRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1432 Words   |  6 Pageshas an effect on climate change and contributes to global warming. Yet people tend to turn a blind eye to global warming and label it as a myth, whether they do not believe in it or it is not in their best financial interest to believe in it. Let us take a closer look at global warming and the effects it has on our people, homes and environments. Global Warming has become a rising problem in our world’s climate. It’s time we show the initiative to understand the concept of global warming and showRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects928 Words   |  4 PagesGlobal-Warming Mother Earth is burning as we speak; humanity has killed our precious Earth. Global-warming is a vicious killer that was created by the humans on this Earth, and there s no way to cure it. We, as humans, have the power to cleanse the Earth, but instead we destroy it. Heat is absorbed by carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases. A greenhouse gas absorb thermal radiation emitted by the Earth s surface. As the sun s energy reaches the Earth’s surface some of it goes back out into spaceRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1416 Words   |  6 Pages Global Warming The earth is getting warmer, animals and their habitats are declining, human health is at risk and the cause of all this terror is Global Warming. Global warming will cause many parts of the world to change. In the next 50 years climate change could be the cause of more than a million terrestrial species becoming extinct. Sea levels will raise which means more flooding and is not good for the plants. With too much water the plants will die and herbivores will lose theirRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1312 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal warming is presenting a lot of environmental and health problems to many countries. A lot of heat gets trapped on earth due to formation of a non-porous layer gases below the atmosphere. The worst effect is felt by developing countries, which are also geographically disadvantaged. The establishment of such countries is on low altitude areas. This position makes developing countries to be direct victims of floods from the melting snow at high altit ude areas. A lot of scientific research associatesRead MoreGlobal Warming And Its Effects1512 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal warming is one of the most alarming and pressing issues that the world faces today. Global warming is the rise of the earth’s temperature over time. The damaging effects of global warming have become more and more apparent, with more tropical storms and hurricanes causing massive destruction, more animal species losing their habitats and coming under threat, rising sea levels, etc. According to NASA, the hottest year on record was 2005, which was the same as 1998. In the last ten years, twice

The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages Legally Enforceable

Question: Describe about The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages for Legally Enforceable. Answer: (1): Issue: The issue that needs to be decided this case is if Gina can sue Cary for not going ahead with a new lease. In other words, the issue is if Cary is bound by the promise according to which she had given Gina five days to think over the offer. Rule: The relevant provisions of the law contract provided in this regard that the promise to keep the offer open for a particular period has to be supported by consideration (Fuller and Perdue, 1936). In this regard, when a promise has been made by a party to the contract according to which, the other party can accept the offer within the time mentioned by the first party, such promise is legally enforceable only if the other party has provided some consideration in return of the promise. An example in this regard can be given of the case titled Dickinson v Dodds (1876). The effects of this case are that an offer was made by the defendant to sell his house to the claimant. At the same time, a promise was also made according to which, the offer was going to be open till coming Friday. However on Thursday, another offer made by a third party was accepted by the defendant. Therefore the defendant asked his friend to inform the claimant that he has withdrawn the offer. But the claimant went to the defendant house the next morning and tried to accept the offer. Later on, an action was brought by the claimant, in which he sought the relief of specific performance. However the court arrived at the conclusion that in this case, the defendant had effectively revoked the offer. As a result, there was no contract created between the defendant and the claimant. In this context, the court stated that there was no obligation on the part of the defendant to keep the offer till Friday because in return of this promise, no consideration has been provided by the claimant. As a result, the offeree could have withdrawn the offer at any time before it has been accepted by the other party. Application: In the present case also, Cary had made an offer to Gina regarding the lease of the office premises. After listening to Cary's offer, Gina asked if she can have extra space for two cars because her present lease allowed space for only one car. But Cary refused to provide three spaces. Therefore, Gina said that she needs some time to think over the offer regarding the lease. Under these circumstances, Gina said that she will get back to Cary in five days. But before the expiry of five days, Paul approached Cary and showed an interest in leasing the office premises occupied by Gina. Cary accepted the offer made by Paul. Although in this case, Cary had allowed Gina to think over the offer for five days but in return of this promise made by Cary, Gina had not provided any consideration. As a result, the promise that Gina can think over the offer for five days was not supported by any consideration and therefore the promise cannot be enforced against Cary. Under these circumstances, the offer could be revoked by Cary at any time before it was accepted by Gina. Conclusion: Therefore in this case, a valid contract was not created between Cary and Gina and as a result, Gina cannot sue Cary for the breach of promise according to which Cary had allowed Gina to think over the offer. (2) Issue: After going through the ads that are relevant for this part of the question, the issue arises if the promise made by Cary to pay extra $5000 to James, the electrician for replacing the electrical wiring and for installing the air-conditioning units, is enforceable in view of the fact that James had already entered into a contract with Cary to perform this work at a price of $20,000. Therefore it needs to be seen if the promise made by Cary to pay extra $5000 to James can be enforced against Cary. Rule: The traditional rule that is applicable in such a case provides that the performance of pre-existing duty is not a valid consideration for any variation made in the contract. Therefore when the promisee is only performing its legal duty imposed by contract, such performance cannot be treated as consideration (MacDougall, 1992). When both the parties to the contract have already agreed to do something or restrained from doing something under the contract, the terms of such a contract cannot be changed by the parties without providing new consideration (Shatwell, 1954). Or in other words, the promisee cannot ask for additional benefit for something regarding which it was already bound by a contract (Ricks, 2001). An example in this regard can be given of the situation where the parties have decided the price of the goods under the contract, and such price cannot be changed and extra payment cannot be promised without providing a rich consideration. This traditional rule was provi ded by the court in Stilk v Myrick (1809). In this case, two crew members of a ship had deserted the ship. Therefore the master of the ship made a promise to the remaining crewmembers that he will pay the wages of those two crew members to them if they perform the duties of those two crew members along with their own duties. However when the ship reached its home port, the defendant refused to fulfill his promise. While deciding the case, the court said that the crew members are already bound by their contract with the master of the ship according to which they had to do everything to bring the ship to its home port. Therefore, the promise made by the master of the ship cannot be enforced due to lack of consideration. In this case, the crewmembers have not provided any consideration in return of the promise made by the master of the ship. But this traditional role was significantly altered by the court in the decision given in Williams v Roffey Bros Nicholls (1989). In this case, the court also came up with the practical benefit principle. In this case, the defendant had made contact with Williams for performing some carpentry work. However after doing some work, Williams started facing financial problems and found it difficult to complete the work. On the other hand, it was really important for the defendant that the work was completed on time because it had entered into a contract with a third-party according to which the work of the renovation of the flats will be completed on time otherwise the defendant will have to pay a penalty. Under these circumstances, the defendant agreed to pay additional amount to Williams for completing the work on time. But later on, the defendant refused to make this payment. While deciding the issue, the court arrived at the conclusion that the defendant was going to achieve a practical benefit if the work was completed on time by Williams. Therefore it can be said that consideration has been provided in the form of the practical benefit achieved by the defendant. As a result, the cour t stated that the promise made by the defendant to pay additional amount, was enforceable under the law. In this case also, Cary will achieve a practical benefit if James completed the work on time. While it will be difficult for Cary to get another electrician at such a short notice and moreover, it was the conditions mentioned in the renewed leases according to which all the premises will be air-conditioned. Under these circumstances, it can be said that Cary will achieve a practical benefit if the work was completed on time by James. As a result, the promise made by Cary to pay additional $5000 to James is legally enforceable. B: Discuss some of the practical, ethical and business issues which arise in this scenario. There are several practical, ethical and business issues that are present in this scenario. For example, the practical issue is related with the fact that Cary wants the building to be refurbished. For this purpose, the office spaces need to be repainted and air-conditions and new electric wiring also needs to be installed. At the same time, it also needs to be noted that the lease for all the tenants had expired. Therefore it was being continued on a monthly basis. As a result, the tenants like Gina cannot claim a right to continue in their office space. It has also been clearly mentioned in the renewed leases that the lease will start from 1st September, 2016 which will be the date by which the refurbishment of the office space has to be completed. As a result, when the electrician, James found it difficult to complete the work on time, there was a practical issue for Cary that she will have to suffer the loss under the new leases as it has been clearly mentioned that the lease wil l start from 1st September. Under these circumstances, it became important for Cary that the work of installing air conditioners and new electrical wiring should be completed before this date. Another critical issue in this scenario was that if James refused to complete the work, it would have been very difficult for Cary to find a new electrician. Moreover, as very little time was left, it will be very difficult for the new electrician to complete the work on time and it can also be expected that the new electrician will demand a much higher price because very little time was left to complete the job. In this way, it would have been resulted in a business issues for Cary if she failed to deliver the office spaces on time as mentioned in the new lease agreements. The ethical issue that is present in this case is that Gina had asked for five days to think over the offer made by Cary. In this context, Cary had told Gina and three car spaces cannot be provided to Gina under the new lease and therefore, she will have to settle with the existing one space for her car. Instead of accepting the offer immediately, Gina asked if she can think over the offer and they replied within five days. Cary had accepted and allowed five days to Gina to call her back. But before Gina could decide regarding the offer and before the expiry of this period of five days, Cary accepted an offer made by Paul regarding the office space that was occupied by Gina. In this regard it also needs to be mentioned that Paul had offered to pay $100 extra per month than the money paid by Gina. Under these circumstances, an issue arises if it was difficult for Cary to accept the offer made by Paul before hearing anything in this regard from Gina. The business issue that arises in this scenario is that in context of business transactions, it is very important that the parties make a quick decision. For example, in the present case, Gina failed to decide if she wanted to continue with the lease for her office with one space for car. She should have been aware of the fact that at least has expired and therefore, some other party may make an offer in this regard. Therefore business sense requires that Gina should have immediately made a decision regarding the car space and accepted or rejected the offer made by Cary. References Fuller, Lon and Perdue, William (1936) The Reliance Interest in Contract Damages 46 Yale L J 52 MacDougall, Bruce (1992), "Consideration and Estoppel: Problem and Panacea" 15 Dalhousie LJ 265 Ricks, Val D (2001) The Sophisticated Doctrine of Consideration 9 GMLR 99 Shatwell, K O (1954) The Doctrine of Consideration in the Modern Law 1 Syd LR 289 Case Law Dickinson v Dodds (1876) 2 Ch D 463 Stilk v Myrick [1809] EWHC KB J58 Williams v Roffey Bros Nicholls (Contractors) Ltd [1989] EWCA Civ 5